Abstract Review

American Politics

Name: Jeanne Zaino
Section: American Politics
Professional Email: [email protected]
Professional Status: Full Professor
Institution: Iona College
Scheduling Preference: Friday Afternoon
Proposal Type: Panel
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Paper Title:  The Return of the Great Power Competition: If Competing Means Delivering, How Can America Succeed?
Abstract:
The 21st Century has, according to most observers, shepherd in the return of the great competition between superpowers. No one has made this case more forcefully than President Biden. Since taking office, he has repeatedly argued that we are in a “contest with autocrats” over “whether democracies can compete.” According to Biden, the critical factor in determining whether those who look back on the 21st century will see ours as an epoch of democratic supremacy or autocratic dominance is the ability of the former to “deliver.” This paper considers the nature of the contest as defined by the current administration and its predecessors. It then focuses on whether it is possible for American government to ‘deliver for its people’ in the absence of structural reforms? Particular attention is paid to the need to rebalance our commitments to liberty on the one hand and effectiveness, accountability, and responsiveness on the other.



Comparative Politics


History and Politics

Name: Edad Mercier
Section: History and Politics
Professional Email: [email protected]
Professional Status: Graduate Student
Institution: St. John's University
Scheduling Preference: Saturday Afternoon
Proposal Type: Paper
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Paper Title:  COLONIALISM, WAR CRIMES, COLLECTIVE MEMORY, AND MEMORY POLITICS: CRITICAL REFLECTIONS ON NARRATIVES AND PUBLIC ARCHIVES OF THE ALGERIAN WAR
Abstract:
The article examines the trial of French General Paul Aussaresses (b. 1918, d. 2013) in the 2000s for war crimes committed during the Algerian War (1954 to 1962). The historiographical analysis covers topics such as colonialism, public memory, collective memory, counter-narratives, education, forgetting, and authenticity. This paper contributes to the scholarly literature examining oral testimonials in political and war crime tribunals, and the ethics of conducting public history research using media archives.


Name: harvey strum
Section: History and Politics
Professional Email: [email protected]
Professional Status: Full Professor
Institution: 652
Scheduling Preference: Saturday Morning
Proposal Type: Paper
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Co-author info: none
Co-presenter info: None
Paper Title:  Albany's Jews: Kaddish for Abraham Lincoln
Abstract:
Already been accepted, Will look at the Albany Jewish attempt to be accepted and not viewed as "the other." Jews were viewed as aliens in Christian America. Ever since their arrival in America Jews have walked a tightrope between maintaining their identity as a distinct religious/ethnic minority and their desire for acceptance as real Americans. Jews looked for opportunities to prove their loyalty and repudiate charges of either dual loyalty or questioning their place in American society, while maintaining their identity as Jews. Laying the cornerstone of Beth Israel, an Orthodox synagogue in Troy in 1909 Rabbi Hyman Lasker summed up the problem for all American Jews" "Let us be patriotic, American patriots, and Jewish believers. Let us teach our children to shed their last drop of blood for our country, America. Let them hold the Bible in one hand and the flag of the Stars and Stripes in the other." The question for Albany Jews was how to apply the advice of Rabbi Lasker, how did Albany's Jews sing Hatikvah and whistle the Star Spangled Banner?



International Relations and American Foreign Policy


Political Theory

Name: Marvin Astrada
Section: Political Theory
Professional Email: [email protected]
Professional Status: Practitioner
Institution: Federal Judicial Center/NYU
Scheduling Preference: Friday Afternoon
Proposal Type: Paper
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Co-author info: Scott B. Astrada, Georgetown University Law Center, [email protected]
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Paper Title: Theory of Ideology: A Critical Exploration of Ideology in Political & Legal Communicative Enterprises
Abstract:
This paper critically explores the nexus between thought, language, and the communicative enterprise vis-à-vis politics, law, and society, which, in turn, is impacted by the nexus between knowledge, truth, and power. The latter is effectuated, in part, via ideology. Configurations of Order, e.g., procedural democracy, variants of socialism, economic system, and sociocultural dynamics undergirding the norms and values perpetuated in each of the aforementioned nexuses, rely upon ideology. Ideology is a factor that must be weighed and mediated in the articulation of law and policy. An examination of ideology, as a structural variable, thus reveals the complex power-dynamics that inform communication. The overarching aim of this work is to critically analyze the character and content of ideology in the realms of political and legal discourse, and ascertain the power-dynamics and effects of clarity in the establishment of truth regimes.


Name: Spiros Makris
Section: Political Theory
Professional Email: [email protected]
Professional Status: Associate Professor
Institution: University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Greece & Rothereme American Institute (RAI), Humanities Division, University of Oxford, UK
Scheduling Preference: Saturday Morning
Proposal Type: Paper
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Paper Title:  The meaning of political philosophy in Leo Strauss's thought: 'The problem of Socrates'
Abstract:
The case of Socrates plays an absolutely critical part in the way that the eminent thinker Leo Strauss determines the meaning of political philosophy. It is well-known that he defines the relevant case as 'the problem of Socrates'. Actually, and from a psychoanalytic point of view, behind his definition concerning political philosophy dominates so-called 'Plato's trauma'. The tragic fact that the democratic Athena led Socrates to a kind of self-suicide, it is perceived by Strauss as a hard evidence, so to speak, for the existential and phenomenological crisis of polis itself. To put it differently, for him, the persecution of Socrates from Athenian democracy brings to the fore the onto-theological tension between philosopher and political community. Throughout his life, from the very beginning in the Weimar Germany and then more and more in postwar America until he passed away in 1973, Leo Strauss strived hard to find out the proper balance between vita activa and vita contemplativa, if I can say so, by offering us the fine opportunity to reflect further on the content of political philosophy not as mere academic discipline but as a 'way of life'. Undoubtedly, 'the problem of Socrates' took in his eyes an entirely huge significance due to the enormous impact of Nazis' totalitarian regime on the life of so many thinkers since 1933 onwards, especially for them with Jewish origins. In fact, the case of Socrates has at the same time a very strong contextual aspect. Additionally, drawing his inspiration from so-called Medieval Enlightenment, Strauss built a whole methodology of making political philosophy against power, in which dominates the conceptual dipole between esoteric writing and exoteric teaching. The political philosopher owes to protect himself from the arrogance of power, even the democratic one. As a matter of fact, by bringing to light the basic traits of so-called ancient liberalism, Strauss formulates a way of life for the citizen itself. Protecting our lives from power is like to protect power from its abyssal explosions. This is very critical today where the phenomenon of populism covers as a dark blanket not only the Western democracies but the global political scene. This onto-theological tension between the thinking citizen and the ruling mob in the name of a supposed populist democracy gives us the mental fortitude to rethink the fragile relationship between man and polis. This is exactly the crucial stake that Strauss places at the heart of political philosophy. Doubtless, Socrates personifies this immense stake in the most proper and reflective way.



Identity Politics


Public Policy and Public Administration


State and Local Politics


Teaching and Learning

Name: Anita Chadha
Section: Teaching and Learning
Professional Email: [email protected]
Professional Status: Associate Professor
Institution: university of houston, downtown
Scheduling Preference: No Preference
Proposal Type: Paper
Panel Title:  E-education during the age of COVID
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Paper Title:  E-education during the age of COVID
Abstract:
With the state of education changed during COVID 19, I evaluate the academic viability of an online collaboration using data collected during Fall of 2021. I assess whether students are “academic/reflectivity” in their discussions with each other. “Academic reflectivity” was computed as a compound variable measuring deliberative, reflective posts and responses, using class or text references, posing questions that furthered academic discussions and the length of the post suggesting thorough discussions. I statistically confirm that their discussions are academically reflective, without class differences or gender bias, and that these discussions are academically reflective across any type of question (theoretical or controversial) asked over the semesters. This study adds its significant findings about the growth of online discussions promoting and enhancing the experience of e-learners and collaborative endeavors and is in line with the theme of the conference. The collaboration is one that can certainly interdisciplinary and global.



Undergraduate Research


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